Welcome to my site!!

When you are curious about the latest science results of Space exploration, you’re on the right address. I’m providing lots of news about the Universe, right from where it started up until today.

Cosmology, Astrophysics, Astrobiology & the Search for Life, Planetary Science, and so on, you’ll all find it here.

And while you’re on my site, don’t forget to check out the Image of the Day and the Photo Galleries, you won’t be sorry!!



Message to all visitors of this site:

We are very sorry to have to inform you that Anne has died at January 30th, 2015.

In her honor we will keep this site open, but we are not able to post new articles or

information on it. The site will from now on function as an online library of articles and

beautiful pictures of astronomy issues. We hope many people will still enjoy visiting Anne’s


Anne’s family

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  1. I was browsing for astronomy images and came upon this site. I’m fascinated by the collection, but sorry to hear of Anne’s passing. Thank you for keeping her legacy and memory alive by maintaining this site.

    I have a similar question as some others have asked—Is it OK to use the images in video presentation I’m trying to improve on?? It’s in memory of a friend, George Adams, who started the project but passed away before its completion??

    Thanks again,

  2. Thank you, I’ve just been searching for information about this topic for a although and yours could be the greatest I’ve discovered till now. But, what in regards towards the conclusion? Are you positive concerning the supply?

    • Het spijt me dat te horen,en dat voor z’n jonge meid,die van alles nog wilde ontdekken,van ons heen gegaan is!Misschien is er nog ergens een mooie gaswolk of sterrenstelsel die we naar haar kunnen noemen.Zodat als we naar boven kijken,dit met een dikke knipoog kunnen doen.met de gedachte dat ze een mooi plekje heeft!sterkte aan U,peter Hermens nederland

  3. Hello from South Carolina, USA. I discovered this site while searching for images of the electromagnetic spectrum to use in a project for grad school (developing a new plant physiology lab on how plants perceive and respond to light). I am very sorry to hear that Anne has passed away, and was looking for contact information to ask if it would be okay to use the image I found here. You may contact me at the above email address. Many thanks, Holly

  4. Hi Anne,

    I have just stumbled across your wonderful website; it has such a lot of interesting and useful information about the cosmos. Which is just what I need as I am very new to all this and still on a rather steep learning curve.

    My interest is astrophotography which I have been doing for about the last four years. However, it is only in the last six months that I have been getting images worth showing. I put these images on my website along with some information.

    I have a request. Would you be prepared to allow me to use some of the information you have on your website and use it on my website? Just the words, not the images.

    Also, whereabouts are you situated? I live in New Zealand.

    Many thanks for a great website, Terry.

  5. Hi Anne
    Wondering if I could have permission to use one of your Supernova pictures to create Jamberry Nails. Please email if I am able to. Thank you!

    • Hi John,

      The landing of Philea was astounding indeed, even though it didn’t land on exact the right place. We’re hoping that when the comet is somewhat closer to the Sun, it will get enough sunlight that it will work the way we want to.

      Best wishes,

  6. Recently i heard of a theory that we live not in a 3 dimensional universe (or 12, whichever you may believe), but in a 2 dimensional hologram, and that the reason we may never understand how the universe works, is that were too close inside it to be able to examine its parts. Can you define what a 2 dimensional hologram then actually is? Your site is wonderful, i hope your enjoying a better health!

    • Hi Walt,

      I suppose you mean RCW.

      The RCW Catalogue (Rodgers, Campbell, Whiteoak) is an astronomical catalog of Hα-emission regions in the southern Milky Way, described in (Rodgers et al. 1960). It has 182 objects and includes many of the earlier Gum catalog (84 items) objects, and the later Caldwell catalogue included some RCW. There is also some overlap with the Sharpless catalog-2 (312 items), although it primarily covered the northern hemisphere, whereas the RCW and Gum primarily covered the southern.

      The Catalogue was compiled by Alexander William Rodgers, Colin T. Campbell and John Bartlett Whiteoak, who led by Bart Bok, catalogued southern nebulae while working at the Mount Stromlo Observatory in Australia in the 1960s. (see Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RCW_Catalogue .)

      Best regards,


  7. Hi Annie
    Can you describe in layman’s terms how an X-Shaped Bulge in an edge on spiral is formed or at least to the theory you prescribe to?
    Thanks, William

    • Hi William,

      Thank you for asking me, and sorry for my late reaction!

      I’m answering you with a quote from the Space Telescope Science Institute in
      Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

      “Such a feature, which astronomers call a “boxy” or “peanut-shaped” bulge,
      is due to the vertical motions of the stars in the galaxy’s bar and is only
      evident when the galaxy is seen edge-on. This curiously shaped puff is often
      observed in spiral galaxies with small bulges and open arms, but is less
      common in spirals with arms tightly wrapped around a more prominent bulge.”
      (see: http://www.spacetelescope.org/news/heic0914/).

      Thanks again,

      Best wishes,


  8. I was looking at the image of the two interacting galaxies. One a spiral, and one a elliptical. Does a spiral galaxy then, absorb an elliptical galaxy, because of it’s gravitational pull on the elliptical galaxy? Does anybody know?

  9. Prachtige site, een verwijzing van de Astronomie. Ik heb geraadpleegd en becommentarieerd op Facebook maar laat ik hier, ook, dit commentaar :)
    Bedankt en Cheers, Anne. Astronomische groeten uit Portugal

  10. سلام اسم من عارف است و از ایران هستم :)

    سایت فوق العاده زیبا و بسیار عالی دارید. فوق العاده است.من مشتری تمام مطالب سایت شما هستم و همیشه

    به این سایت نگاه میندازم .این سایت بسیار عالی است و خبر های فو العاده ای دارد. بابت این زحماتی که

    میکشید و این مطالب را میگذارید از شما سپاسگذار

    Hi my name is Aref and I am from Iran :)

    Super nice and have excellent website. It is fantastic., I am your customer forever all

    ‘ll Look at this site., This site is really great news and is a great fu. For this work the

    Appreciate your mess and put this content

  11. I just want to tell you that I am just newbie to blogs and seriously liked your web page. Almost certainly I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You definitely come with incredible articles and reviews. Thank you for sharing your webpage.

  12. Anne. I don’t know if you have an answer to this question. But is there any idea of how much cosmic material lands on the Earth every year? In, say metric tons. I can’t find the answer anywhere. The Earth I don’t believe ejects material. But it does gather it from space. Any answer would be appreciated.

    • Hi John,

      Estimates vary of how much cosmic material – leftovers from the formation of the planets, debris from comets and asteroid collisions, etc. – enter Earth’s atmosphere each day, but range anywhere from 5 to 300 metric tons, with estimates made from satellite data and extrapolations of meteorite falls.

      Thing is, no one really knows for sure and so far there hasn’t been any real coordinated efforts to find out. But a new project proposal called Cosmic Dust in the Terrestrial Atmosphere (CODITA) would provide more accurate estimates of how much material hits Earth, as well as how it might affect the atmosphere. (Univese Today, March 30, 2012)

      Another interesting article is about how much Earth ejecta could have ended up elsewhere in the Solar System. (MIT Technology Review, August 22, 2011: http://www.technologyreview.com/view/425093/earth-ejecta-could-have-seeded-life-on-europa/)

      Best regards,


  13. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Thanks,
    However I am having issues with your RSS. I don’t understand why I am unable to subscribe to it. Is there anybody else getting similar RSS problems? Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanks!!

    • Hi Krystal,

      Sorry for my late reaction, I’ve just found your reaction in my SPAM-box.

      I’m very glad you liked one of my articles and want to subscribe to my RSS. I haven’t heard from anyone else about problems getting subscribed (I did hear of problems with my email notifications). Did you put http://feeds.feedburner.com/AnnesAstronomyNews in your feed-reader?

      When it doesn’t work, shall I put you on my email notifications list?

      Btw, I’m not a dude but a woman…

      Best regards,


  14. Aw, this was a really good post. Taking a few minutes and actual effort to produce a superb article… but what can I say… I put things off a lot and don’t seem to get nearly anything done.

  15. Youve mentioned before that when galaxies collide, rarely do the stars ever meet, since there is so vast a space between each of them. My question then, have astronomers ever photographed two stars, say any single normal star, not binaries since we know theyre orbits will decay, but two stars one from each galaxy, where an actual collision takes place. Would these stars just absorb each other, or would the collision cause an explosion as large as if both stars went nova, or something. BTW, im glad to have you back. Your website is always such an inspoiration to see all kinds of interesting pictures and information of all things way out of this world. Keep up the good work.

    • Hi Andreas,

      As far as I know, astronomers have never photographed two stars, submitted by two different galaxies, in a collision.

      But, I suppose such a collision will cause an explosion and leaves one or two blue stragglers behind, like those in globular clusters.

      And I’m glad that you are glad I’m back, and that my site is still inspiring you :-)

      Best regards,


  16. In most pictures of Arp273 (UGC 1810), at the botton of the pics ive seen, to the direct left of the lower galaxy, is a blue blob, that seems to maybe be a small dwarf galaxy or something. Your thoughts on it, please?

  17. Hi Anne,

    Your article on Messier 80 was very helpful for a project I’m doing in school. However, I wasn’t sure how to cite it correctly because I could not find the date you last revised/published it or your last name anywhere on this site. Could you provide this information in a message or e-mail?

    Best regards,


    • Hi Fatima,

      I’m very glad my information on Messier 80 was helpful to you!

      I’ve added the photo and text on June 11, 2012, with the latest info known until then.

      Somehow I forgot the credit line for the image (Image Credit: NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA), what I’ve adjusted right now.

      Best regards,


  18. I have a question. In your wonderful picture of ESO 69-6 (also known as ESO 069-IG006 and AM 1633-682), to the right of the two interacting galaxies, is a large elliptical galaxy. It is very white, and beneath it are two yellow elliptical galaxies. The picture seems to show a jet enamating from the large white eliptical to the right yellow eliptical. Is it really a jet, or maybe a spiral galaxy seen edge on? I dont have enough detail to make out for either possibility. could i get your response to it? Thanks

  19. Dear Anne,

    I found your site in connection with my interest in a recent article published in “Physics Today” by Steven B. Giddings. I teach physics at UW-Stout in Menomonie, WI, U.S.A. (It was neat to see your “Most Recent Hits” orbiting world app show Menomonie, which is a town of only 16,000 people. What is that app?) I have signed up for your updates, so I look forward to reading more about astronomy, especially cosmology.


    Dr. Karland A. Kilian

    • Hi Dr. Karland,

      Ah, you mean Steve Giddings “Black holes, quantum information, and the foundations of physics”.

      But I don’t know an app called “Most Recent Hits” of which you think is mine. I don’t even know the town Menomonie (I’m not an American, but a Dutch woman).

      However, I like it very much you’ve signed up for my updates, and I thank you for that :-)

      Best regards,


  20. Opps,
    Your wonderful Pictures are always fascinating to gaze at. however, your Math seems to be off. In todays writing of Abell 31, you wrote:
    “Abell 31 is such a very ancient nebula that its gas has already started to disperse into space.
    Its central star is a tiny white dwarf of nearly ten light-years wide (about 4 times bigger than Earth or about 0.04 times the size of the Sun)”.

    Now it seems to me, a white dwarf really isnt very tiny as you explained, if its 10 light years wide. That would make for alot of real estate.

    • Hey Andreas, you’re absolutely right, I’m really glad that you are so perceptive… while it makes me deeply ashamed.

      The nearly ten light-years wide is the diameter of the full planetary nebula. It would indeed be a little bit too big for a white dwarf :-)

      I’ve immediately made an adjustment!

      Thanks again,


  21. Anne, My father (89 years old) has been writing a book entitled “Mysteries of the Universe” that he is self publishing. Would he have your permission to use your image “Pillars of Creation” in his book? He would credit your website with the image.
    Thank you so much,
    Julie Green

    • Hi Julie,

      It’s fantastic that your father is still able to write (such) a book at his age! And, I’m very honoured he wants to use one of the images on my website :-)

      Since that image is taken by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope – and not been processed by an astrophotographer – it is free to use. The credit line should be: Image Credit: NASA, ESA, STScI, Jeff Hester and Paul Scowen, at the time both of Arizona State University.

      Hereby I’m giving him my permission to also use (a part of) my text under the condition of crediting me as well, by: Anne’s Astronomy News (http://annesastronomynews.com/).

      Best regards,


  22. Hi Anne,
    Thanks for the answer on the orbit of our solar system.And yes it required five black hole catagories to be percise. I heard the term
    ultra mass and it sounds to much like a detergent or toothpaste.


  23. Sorry to bother you again.This is something may you might be able to answer.
    As our solar system orbits the milky way, it goes in and out the plain of the galaxy .When we pass back into the plain of the galaxy is it always
    in the same area as the last orbit? Or might we be dropping into an area with a black hole in it?

    • Hi again, Bobby

      Our Solar System orbits the Milky Way every time in about the same, roughly elliptical, way, although there can be small fluctuations. It takes the Solar System about 225–250 million years to complete one orbit of the galaxy, so it will complete 20–25 orbits during the lifetime of the Sun.

      The Sun’s passage through the higher density spiral arms is sometimes thought to coincide with mass extinctions on Earth, perhaps due to increased impact events. However, it will never come close to the supermassive black hole (Sagittarius A*) in the center of our galaxy. But, during its journey there is a small probability that it will come in the proximity of a medium-sized or stellar black hole.

      Best regards,




  25. Seem’s to me we need another catagory for black holes since we’re finding them in billions of solar masses now. HYPER MASS
    BLACK HOLES is my candidate. Please bring this up to the big wigs in STELLAR ASTRONOMY the next time you see them.
    AND tell if I’m correct on this. A QUASAR is the accretion disk of a very distant BLACK HOLE that is feeding like it is the last
    meal.This is what I call a HYPER- MASS BLACK HOLE.


    • Hi Bobby,

      There are indeed black holes with a mass of billions of solar masses. Supermassive black holes have masses of hundreds of thousands to billions of solar masses.

      Quasars are thought to be the very bright centers of some very distant galaxies, where some sort of energetic action is occurring, most probably due to the presence of a supermassive black hole at the center of that galaxy.

      You might consider the supermassive black holes which are the most massive to be hyper-mass black holes, but at how many solar masses will you draw the dividing line? However, the idea is not bad :-)

      Best regards,


  26. your site is so amazing, ive found myself actually opening it first before my mail or news! How about that. your site, with the large photo gallery, really shows us how big and diversified the universe reaslly is. I do have a question that ive not quite figured out. In almost any picture of an eliptical galaxy, it seems like all we ever see in deep space pics is basically a point of light. Now i know that in elipticals there is little dust and gas or interstellar medium to form new stars, and most stars in them are quite old. When i see an eliptiucal, is the single point of light that point where all the stars are squished together? It has been stated that there are some elipticals that are quite large, but all of those pictures show is basically one point of light, with little detail around the point of light. I would think that there would be more to see, or do i need a large telescope to make out the residing structure around the point of light? Perhaps you could add a little bit as to how an eliptiucal galaxy looks like up close. Thanks.

    • Hi Andreas,

      I’m very glad you like my site so much that you open it before your mail or news :-)

      You are right about elliptical galaxies, one of their characteristics is that they are commonly very smooth, nearly featureless. They look a bit like globular clusters without the young, white-blue massive stars.

      In spiral galaxies you can usually distinguish star clusters, star-forming regions and dust lanes. The ellipticals don’t have these features because they are made up of old stars. However, there are some elliptical galaxies that do have some dust lanes and star-forming regions. That is because they have swallowed another galaxy, what triggers new star formation.

      One of these days I will create “Anne’s Picture of the Day” with an elliptical galaxy that does show some details, so keep on ckecking my site ;-)

      Best regards,


  27. I have a question. In today’s picture of Spiral Galaxy NGC 1614, i caught just a glimpse of what i might consider to be a ring galaxy. Its looks to be located in the upper tidal tail at the top of the picture on your web site. Am i right, or is it a spiral galaxy that just isnt showing all of its detail thru the tidal tail? Id like to hear your response. Thanks.

  28. Hi Anne. Extraordinary Website! Like you I’m an amateur astronomer and have spent the last fourty years at it.And more money than I want to
    think about doing it.
    Along with the great photos your discription of each subject is extremely accurate and detailed but easy to follow.I’m doing a series of cataloges for my own referance using the best photos and info on each object.Your website is one of the main ones I depend upon.Thank you.
    If anyone is interested in doing your own be prepared to spend alot of time and money. It requires endless ink cartridges,printer paper,clear
    paper protectors,index tabs and alot of binder notebooks.(the ones with clear outside paper inserts work good for a cover.Then you can make your
    own cover!)
    Thanks again,
    Bobby W

    PS: My cataloges are not for sell at any price!
    Bobby W

    • Hi Bobby,

      I’m glad you like my site, the photos on it and the accompanying descriptions. It also makes me very proud that you’re using my website for your hobby.

      So, you’re making catalogs for yourself from every astronomical object with photos and descriptions. They must look wonderful! A great hobby, but like most hobbies rather expensive :-(

      P.S. Many of the photos are copyrighted by astrophotographers; all descriptions are copyrighted by me. Both photos and texts are for personal use only!

      Best regards,

    • Hi Liam,

      Thanks a lot for complimenting me on the photographs and links on my site. (You did notice that none of the photos are created by me, right?)

      I’ve seen the 3D images on your Facebook page and they look fantastic, even though I didn’t watch them in 3D. Now I’ve seen them, I’m definitely gonna get me a pair of red and blue glasses to view the images properly. Thank you for drawing my attention to your page.

      Enjoy your evening,

  29. Hi, Anne:
    Thanks for providing this great resource of beautiful astronomical images on your site. I came across one, however, where the image and the associated caption refer to different objects, and you may want to correct this to avoid confusion.
    I am referring to the image labeled as Red Rectangle. The image you are showing is actually the Red Square nebula, associated with the star MWC 922 in Serpens. The color of the Red Square is false since all exposures leading to this image were taken in the infrared, but in terms of its morphology is is the closest counterpart to the actual Red Rectangle. The true Red Rectangle can be found at http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap040513.html.

    Best regards,

    • Hi Adolf,

      Thank you very much for your mindfulness and, even more, for taking the effort to let me know.

      You are absolutely right about the two nebulae, I’ve totally mixed them up. I’m very glad you’ve given me the opportunity to correct this, otherwise this error would probably have remained for a long time. Within a few days, I’ll adjust the caption, and in the meantime I’ve removed the image with the wrong description.

      Thanks again!

      Best regards,

  30. Hi,
    Im new to your site, and i absolutely love all of the pics you have posted for people/ They are so very clear and sharp, and makes looking at them so very interesting. I do have a question for you. On a recent post you said:
    “NGC 6642 is a good candidate as one of the few genuine metal-poor clusters, what means that the cluster has almost no other elements than hydrogen or helium, and is very primitive. It might be one of the oldest fossils in our galaxy.”
    What confises me, is that for a cluster or star to be considered old, it would have to have gone thru burning all of its lighter elements (hydrogen and helium) to the heavier elements. So how can a star be of such an advanced stage, and still burning thru its light metals? If they are that old, why hasnt theree been any novae or super novae? Seems to me there is something missing here. Id like to hear your comments. Thanks.

    • Hi Andreas,

      I’m glad you’ve found my site and love the pictures. I’m very lucky that lots of real good astrophotographers gave me their permission to use their photos, otherwise I could only have used the images from NASA, ESO, ESA etc.

      About your question: A globular cluster is normally orbiting a galaxy and is likely being formed as part of the star formation of that parent galaxy, and in most globular clusters, the stars formed at about the same time. When the cluster is formed in the very early Universe, it is very metal-poor because that galaxy contained very little heavier elements in it than hydrogen and helium. Of some of the stars have died in the meantime via supernova explosions, what brought heavier elements in the interstellar medium and also outside the cluster. The relatively few newborn stars will contain some heavier elements, but overall the cluster is still metal-poor.

      Younger clusters already contain more heavy metals because the younger galaxies that formed these clusters contained much more heavy elements from stars that went supernova.

      Hopefully my answer is satisfying for you.

      Best regards,


  31. Dear Anne,
    my best wishes to you in the new year, and furtherone many success and prosperity achieving your astronomynews !
    Herzliche Grüße von Klauspeter

  32. Hi Anne, enjoying your site and tweets. Couldn’t reply to your Twitter message as you aren’t following me. Not much astrophotography going on here right now due to moon & weather.

  33. il tuo sito è meraviglioso sono molto contento(i’m very happy)di averlo trovato!Thanks Anne best regards from Rome(Italy)Sorry for my English e da oggi è tra i miei preferiti anzi sull’argomento trattato è il mio preferito!ancora grazie Anne per il tuo impegno e la tua passione che condividi con noi Ciao da Roma Massimiliano.

    • Hi Massimiliano,

      Thank you very much for your great compliments… thanks to Google Translate I could understand your very positive comment :-)

      I’m really glad you have found my site and like it so much! You’re very welcome to visit the site as often as you like…

      Greetings back from Holland!

      Best regards,


  34. Anne, What an amazing collection of pictures on your site and what a wonderful passion you have for science.
    I got here by doing a search on the gas and dust our black hole is having for lunch.
    Had a great time looking around, thank you.
    I too like astronomy but not a professional so I built my self a little observatory in my back yard.
    If you would like to see it http://www.featherriverwoodworks.com

  35. Hello Anne,
    I liked your website very much. The up to date news and info that you provide are very helpful to amateur astronomers like me. I also have a website. If you can visit it please do it and help me promote it.

    • Hi Paresh,

      I’m glad you like my site and the fact that my info is helpful to you.

      You have a website as well, but didn’t give the URL. So, would you yet
      give me the adress of the site, otherwise I can’t take a look at it ;-)

      Best regards,

    • Hi Pritisha,

      Thank you very much for the compliments :-)

      A great deal of the photos are from NASA, ESO etcetera, but I’m so very glad some really good astrophotographers let me use their images too!!

      I like your blog as well, and have already subscribed to your posts.

      Kind regards,

  36. Hi Anne,

    Glad I found your site. I believe yesterday I was googling for nebula images and found your website. Awesome! Just wish I could order images from your website! :)

    Have a great day filled with many of God’s blessings!

    Sarasota FL

    • Hi Kathleen,

      Thank you very much for your very positive comment.

      If you just give me a few hundred bucks I’ll make a beautiful package with photos for you ;-)

      No, I’m just kidding. When it’s for personal use only (so, not commercial) you can download them freely.

      Best regards,

      • Very nice arrangement of images. You are correct concerning the usage for “personal” purposes…. however, since this is a public website might I suggest you include credits for the photographers that took the image(s)? Otherwise, people will copy from your website and the attribution for the work is lost….


        • Hi Adam,

          Thanks for your compliment and suggestion.

          You’re absolutely right about including credits.
          By far the most images I obtained from free downloadable websites like NASA, ESA, ESO, Wikimedia Commons and so on, long before I started my website. It will be a gigantic job now to figure out exactly where the images came from.

          But I promise that I’ll include credits for newly obtained images in the future, like I already do in my articles.

          Best regards,

        • Yo&y0823#;areu#8230;m&…hero!!! I cant believe something like this exists on the internet! Its so true, so honest, and more than that you dont sound like an idiot! Finally, someone who knows how to talk about a subject without sounding like a kid who didnt get that bike he wanted for Christmas.

  37. Anne, got to your site through another science site. Love the astrophotography, and enjoy others comments concerning science, and Astronomy. I am an amateur astronomer learning much from your site and others. Good work, and god bless.

    • Hi John,

      Thanks a lot for your very positive comment. I’m glad you like my site, for the articles as well as the photo’s with info.
      I’m trying to be as informative as possible, and accessible for both amateurs and professionals.

      When you like, you can subscribe to new posts by email or RSS.

      Best regards,

  38. Dear Anne, I am the happiest person today,because I am introduced to a site, I was longing for last ten years.Today’s news about Higgs boson made me to open this site accidently. I know English & four Indian languages. My interested Topics are Cosmic Energy,Universe,GOD PARTCLE etc. I hope & trust that your site will guide me to gain the knowledge of my interest & cotribute my EXPERIENCE, REALIZATIONS & PREDICTIONS. Your response will be highly respected.

    DHARWAD 580 003 (400 km from Banglore)

  39. Visitei este site e achei muito interessante, com notícias de qualidade e não quantidade. Fácil de entender e de se movimentar entre os assuntos. Adorei, parabéns Anne.
    Observação: Para atrair visitantes de outras áreas acrescente um “título ” Curiosidades da Astronomia”

    • Hi Sérgio, thanks for your positive reaction!!

      Comments surely are welcome, but because I don’t speak Portugese (just Dutch and English), I have to tranlate it with google and bing. That’s probably why I don’t understand your remark.

      Of course I do want to attract a lot of people to my site. You suggest to give the site a title??
      It has the title Anne’s Astronomy News, subtitled: All up-to-date news about astronomy & astrophysics; do you think that’s not enough?

      With kind regards