mrt 182014
First Direct Evidence of Cosmic Inflation and the Big Bang

  Almost 14 billion years ago, the Universe we inhabit burst into existence in an extraordinary event that initiated the Big Bang. In the first fleeting fraction of a second, the Universe expanded exponentially, stretching far beyond the view of our best telescopes. All this, of course, was just theory.  Image Credit: NASA Researchers from [continue reading]

dec 012013
The First Stars

  The first stars in the Universe are believed to have formed only a few hundred million years after the Big Bang, about 13.7 billion years ago. They heated and ionized the pristine intergalactic medium, and their supernova explosions enriched the primordial gas with the first heavy elements (the Universe was born with only hydrogen [continue reading]

nov 232013
Infant Galaxies Merging Near ‘Cosmic Dawn’

  Astronomers using the combined power of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope and NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope have discovered a far-flung trio of primitive galaxies nestled inside an enormous blob of primordial gas nearly 13 billion light-years from Earth. This composite image reveals the structure of Himiko, an object representing the merger of [continue reading]

okt 242013
Most Distant Galaxy is Forming Stars Extremely Fast

  University of Texas at Austin astronomer Steven Finkelstein has led a team that has discovered and measured the distance to the most distant galaxy ever found. The galaxy is seen as it was at a time just 700 million years after the Big Bang. An artist’s rendition of the newly discovered most distant galaxy [continue reading]

aug 202013
11.5 Billion Years Ago Galaxies Had Already Mature Shapes

  Studying the evolution and anatomy of galaxies using the Hubble Space Telescope, an international team of astronomers led by doctoral candidate BoMee Lee and her advisor Mauro Giavalisco at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have established that mature-looking galaxies existed much earlier than previously known, when the Universe was only about 2.5 billion years [continue reading]

aug 072013
A 12.7 Billion Years Old Galaxy Discovered

  More than 12 billion years ago a star exploded, ripping itself apart and blasting its remains outward in twin jets at nearly the speed of light. At its death it glowed so brightly that it outshone its entire galaxy by a million times. This brilliant flash traveled across space for 12.7 billion years to [continue reading]